Cash Credit In Banking System

Cash credit is a flexible system of lending under which the borrower has the option to withdraw the funds as and when required and to the extent of his needs. Under this arrangement the banker specifies a limit of loan for the customer (known as cash credit limit) up to which the customer is allowed to draw.

Cash Credit

Cash Credit Limit

The cash credit limit is based on the borrower’s need and as agreed with the bank. Against the limit of cash credit, the borrower is permitted to withdraw as and when he needs money subject to the limit sanctioned. It is normally sanctioned for a period of one year and secured by the security of some tangible assets or personal guarantee. If the account is running satisfactorily, the limit of cash credit may be renewed by the bank at the end of year. The interest is calculated and charged to the customer’s account.

Security of Cash Credit

Cash credit, is one of the types of bank lending against security by way of pledge or hypothecation of goods.

What is Pledge?

‘Pledge’ means bailment of goods as security for payment of debt. Its primary purpose is to put the goods pledged in the possession of the lender. It ensures recovery of loan in case of failure of the borrower to repay the borrowed amount.

What is Hypothecation?

In ‘Hypothecation’, goods remain in the possession of the borrower, who binds himself under the agreement to give possession of goods to the banker whenever the banker requires him to do so. So hypothecation is a device to create a charge over the asset under circumstances in which transfer of possession is either inconvenient or impracticable.


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