The financial system is complex in structure and function throughout the world. It includes many different types of institutions: branch banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, stock and bond markets, and so on... all of which are regulated by government. The financial system channels billions of dollars per year from savers to people with productive investment opportunities.
Private Sector Commercial Banking is a category of banking that aims to provide privileged services to its customers. Private Sector Commercial Banks are financial institutions that primarily owned and operated by high-net-worth private individuals and business organizations. On the other hand, Public Sector Banks are owned and operated by a government entity.
When you think about banking, the first preference goes to Nationalized Public Sector Commercial Banks like SBI, Canera Bank, Bank of Baroda etc. Why do people give higher privilege to Nationalized banks? The basic answer is very simple - India Govt. has a good control over Nationalized Commercial Banks. They are forced to follow the instructions issued by Central Govt. and RBI. They are dominating over 90% of the banking sector in India that plays big economic role of India's development.
Bank Branch is considered as one of the most important channel of the bank and is generally the most preferred channel from the customer's point of view. The bank branch is referred to as the face of the bank since the customer can visit personally and meet and interact with the bank branch officials and avail the various services offered by the bank.
Banks as institutions which channel people's savings into productive loans and investments. Thus banking mainly refers to deposits and loans. A broader definition of banking is any financial institution that receives, collects, transfers, pays, exchanges, lends, invests, or safeguards money for its customers. Investment banks, financing companies, and money lenders are just some of the institutions that have engaged in banking.
In India the banks and banking have been divided in different groups. Each group has their own benefits and limitations in their operations. They have their own dedicated target market. Some are concentrated their work in rural sector while others in both rural as well as urban. Most of them are only catering in cities and major towns.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is the top level banking institution that has power to monitor and control other financial institutions in India. It's better call as financial institution rather banking institution due to extended power to monitor and control all financial institutions including banking.